Sexual harassment is a form of discrimination based on sex. It is a violation of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. a federal law that prohibits employers from discriminating against employees on the basis of sex, race, color, national origin and religion. Prohibited behaviors can be of a sexual nature, as well as offensive conduct related to sex.
Title VII also makes it illegal to retaliate against a person who has complained about discrimination, filed a charge of discrimination, or participated in an employment discrimination investigation or lawsuit. Title VII applies to employers with more than 15 employees and applies to federal, state, and local governments, as well as employment agencies and labor organizations. It provides protection from discrimination in the hiring, firing, and promoting process, in setting pay, and in other terms and conditions of employment.