How Would You Like to Work the Same Hours for Half the Pay? That’s the Gender Pay Gap for Latinas

November 20, 2019

 

Latinas in the U.S. are typically paid 54 cents for every dollar paid to white men. Source: U.S. Census Bureau

How would you like to have your paycheck cut in half? Or feel double the strain when paying for groceries, gas, college tuition, doctor appointments, you name it? That’s the case for many Hispanic and Latina women in the United States.

Thanks to the gender pay gap, Latinas were paid 54 percent of what non-Hispanic white men were paid in 2018. That means it takes Latinas almost an entire extra year of full-time, year-round work in order to be paid what the average white man took home by December 31. Think about how that adds up over a lifetime, and we’re talking about losing a substantial chunk of change — change that could have greatly aided Latinas and their families.

November 20, 2019 is #LatinaEqualPay Day

I am worth more.
Latinas are paid 54 percent of what non-Hispanic white men are paid.

As AAUW’s research shows, women of every race and ethnicity experience a gender pay gap. All these groups are paid only a portion of white, non-Hispanic men’s earnings: Asian women (90 percent); white, non-Hispanic women (79 percent); black women (62 percent); Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander women (61 percent); and American Indian and Alaska Native women (57 percent). Altogether, women working full time, year-round in the United States in 2018 were paid an average of only 82 percent of what white non-Hispanic men were paid.

Choices around occupation help us understand some of the pay gap, but not all of it. In 2014, Latina and Hispanic women made up about one-third of the U.S. service industry, a sector in which workers are often paid by the hour and usually at the lower end of the pay scale. Research shows that women are underpaid compared to men in nearly every job in food service, even after accounting for tips. Hispanic women and men also account for nearly 15 percent of sales and office occupations and 37 percent of building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations, all of which are low-paying jobs. In addition to being overrepresented at the low-paying end of the spectrum, Hispanic women are underrepresented at the top. Hispanic women make up just 1 percent of jobs in engineering and computing, the two highest-paying STEM fields.

Education is another factor in the gender pay gap. According to the U.S. Department of Labor, Hispanic and Latino workers are much less likely to have a college degree than are either white or black workers. However, while more education helps increase women’s earnings, it still doesn’t close the gender pay gap. Hispanic women are paid less than white and Asian women are, even when they have the same educational credentials.

As part of the nation’s largest ethnic or racial minority, Latinas are an increasingly influential constituency in the United States. Already accounting for 17 percent of the U.S. population, Hispanic women and men are expected to make up nearly one-third of the country by 2060 — an increasingly powerful and fast-growing voting bloc.

It will take concerted effort to close the gap – but we can do it. We need to expand educational opportunities and address biases and inequities within the education system; advance equal pay laws and practices, including the federal Paycheck Fairness Act, laws in states and employer practices; and expand how we recruit and train for jobs and promotion pathways.

Note: AAUW uses two different data sources for earnings ratios by race/ethnicity. For black, Asian, and Latina and Hispanic women, we follow the Current Population Survey (CPS). Because the CPS lacks sufficient sample size for smaller demographic groups, we follow the American Community Survey (ACS) for Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander, American Indian, and Alaska Native women.

 


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Renee Davidson By:   |   November 20, 2019